There are a lot of reasons that a podiatric doctor or other health professional may like to offload the feet or an area of the foot. Offloading refers to having the stress off the foot. This is often important in the event the increased load or pressure is bringing about the foot problem. This may be as simple as a callus or it could be as serious as an ulcer in someone with diabetes. It could be a bone and joint issue that has to have some time where there is no force on it that will help it recover. One of the big issues with dealing with foot problems is that we still really need to walk on it so you can get about and accomplish our daily activities. If it was, for instance, a painful elbow, it's much simpler to quit making use of it. This will make the dealing with of foot conditions more challenging and the need to use various offloading techniques.
There are various different methods to offload the foot. The commonest and most well-known is possibly the use of podiatry felt. This is largely self adhesive which is cut to shape so it fits round the area of the high pressure and not over it. That way the strain is removed from the location. Traditionally, tape is also used to help in keeping the padding within the right area. The feet ought to be kept dry and if required the felt can be swapped out every few days. Podiatry felt is also reasonably inexpensive in comparison with other strategies. The podiatry felt is commonly used for smaller places which need offloading for example a corn, an ulcer or something like a sesamoiditis which is a painful problem with the tiny bones beneath the big toe joint.
One more frequent method of offloading is the use of foot orthotics. A foot orthotic that is created to the form of the foot, distributes the weight out uniformly over the whole foot, so can aid in reducing the load upon an area that has a lot of and distribute it to other areas of the foot. Sometimes, hollows or openings could be cut in the foot orthotic to help off load a painful location. The foot supports can either be customizable or of the pre-made sort that may be adjusted to fit the foot more accurately.
In the far more severe conditions, the best way to offload a foot which has an ulcer is by using a total contact cast or one of the similar prefabricated walking braces. In the event the issue is a orthopedic one, then a moon boot or walking brace can be employed. These kinds of devices are extremely effective at offloading and so are frequently used by podiatric physicians as well as other health professionals that treat the foot and lower limb conditions. They do make walking a bit more difficult, but if that does motivate the user to walk less then this is a positive thing. At times that limp that the brace leads to could lead to other concerns in the hip and back and there can also be a greater risk for falls, so that it needs to be handled diligently.