Every athlete's skill, no matter what sport they play, depends on speed, dexterity, stamina, reflexes, balance, and hand-eye coordination. Hours of training are required to hone all their skills, improve their endurance and their reflexes.
For each training technique, there is a set goal that needs to be achieved and certain instruments and equipment required to achieve it. The agility ladder is such a piece of training equipment.
The ladder is made up of two strips of wood or metal which are long and placed parallel to each other on the ground at a specific distance, maybe a foot or so.
The athletes are made to run through these boxes to achieve coordination, agility, speed, and balance. They are to step in each box and run the entire length of the ladder in a specified time. This time period is usually decreased as the training intensifies to improve the athlete's speed.
The athlete can be expected to run sideways or backward to make the routine harder. Some coaches place two ladders side by side and make their players run through both at the same time in the reduced time.
It can also be propped up slightly off the ground adding an obstructive height to the training. All these improvements and attachments are used to improve the players' speed and agility.